Copper sinks do not only give an earthy and warm glow to your bath or kitchen, but also creates an antimicrobial effect that is not found in porcelain and stainless steel sinks. They are also just easy to clean, unlike copper-bottomed pans and pots. What’s more, the gentler you treat these sinks, the more beautiful they become over time. Here are some tips on cleaning copper sinks:
Wipe them after each use.
Unlike other materials that are used to create kitchen fixtures, copper is believed to have some anti-bacterial properties, which means that simply wiping them with a piece of cloth will be good enough to make sure that it is clean and to help prevent the discoloration of their surface. When wiping these sinks, avoid using solutions that are chemical-based, especially acid cleansers, as the protective coating on these sinks can easily get damaged by substances that have very high levels of acidity. Once this protective layer is worn out, these sinks will easily become corroded. This means that you have to go for cleaning solutions that are specially made for copper surfaces.
Do not use abrasives on these sinks.
Aside from avoiding the use of acids and chemical-based cleaning solutions, you should also stay away from using abrasive materials when cleaning copper sinks, as it can speed up the deterioration of their surfaces, creating unwanted spots or discolorations in a short period of time. These things will not only cause a rusty stench, but will also make your sink ugly to look at.
Do not let water to dry out in them.
Aside from wiping these sinks after every use, you should also make sure that there will be no water drying out on them at room temperature, as this will also cause unwanted spots and discoloration on their copper surface—an effect that is basically due to your water’s mineral deposits. If these sinks are clogged, make sure that you have them fixed as soon as possible. While waiting for the sink drain to be fixed, it would be good for the sink to be scooped out of still water and wiped dry.
Apply polishing wax on them occasionally.
To best preserve the appearance of copper sinks, you have to apply a special that is designed for polishing copper surfaces. This way, you will be able to get rid of stubborn water stains and other unwanted spots that might be developing on the sink’s surface. You can perform waxing once a month, but if you have been consistently cleaning your copper sink, then you can do it once every two months. Just make sure that you will be able to deal with spots and discolorations as soon as they appear.
Having copper sinks will definitely give your kitchen and bathroom a more classic look, but they truly require special care, unlike ordinary sinks, if you are to use them for many years. For proper cleaning and maintenance of these sinks, make sure you keep in mind the measures provided above.
An undermount sink can add a modern and sleek element to your kitchen, while making it simple for you to clean your countertop by just wiping debris, such as food remnants, directly into the sink. Though there are several methods professionals use to install an undermount sink, one of the best way to accomplish the task is safely gluing the sink in place with a 2-part epoxy and silicone sealant, eliminating the need to drill holes into the bottom of your countertop to support studs, which could make the stone weak and then cause it to crack or break. For the best method, make use of the following steps.
1. Secure the things that you will need for the project, which include a clear or translucent silicone, 2-part epoxy, caulk gun, angle grinder, 2 24-inch bar clamps, small stone pieces, wooden brace, utility knife, acetone and rags.
2. Wipe the sink’s top lip that will contact the countertop with acetone and a clean rag. Wipe around the countertop’s bottom edge that will also contact the lip of the sink with acetone and a clean rag.
3. Insert the sink into the cabinet underneath its opening in the countertop and then apply a half-inch chord of silicone sealant around the sink’s entire perimeter, specifically on its lip that will contact the countertop.
4. Insert the bottom ends of the 2 bar clamps through the openings in the drain and then place a wooden brace that is long enough to span the opening of the sink on the countertop. Lifting the sink into place, hook the top ends of the clamps over the wooden brace for support. Tighten the clamps until the sink will be tight against the countertop’s bottom.
5. To make any adjustments to the sink, tap it on the sides with your hand. You need to position the sink in a way that the countertop overhang will be even around its perimeter.
6. With a clean rag soaked in acetone, use your finger to clean up the excess silicon that has squeezed out from the joint between the countertop and the sink.
7. Mix a small portion of 2-part epoxy on a cardboard square according to the manufacturer’s instructions and then cut eight 1×2-inch blocks of stone with an angle grinder. Apply small amounts of epoxy to the stone blocks and then position them around the sink in a way that it spans both the bottom of the countertop and of the lip of the sink. Keep in mind that a fast-setting epoxy will harden quickly, so you must work fast.
8. Finally, remove the clamps after the epoxy has hardened, but make sure that you do not hook up your garbage disposal or any plumbing fixture for about 24 hours, during which the silicone is curing.
Tips and Warnings
While you can attach an undermount sink on your own, the process will be simpler with an extra set of hands. It would also be easier when you install the supply lines and the faucet to the countertop before you set the sink. When using acetone, allow ventilation to your room and heed the warnings on the bottle.
A leaking sink faucet is truly annoying. The dripping sound that can keep you awake at night, the pooling water under the sink, and the huge volume of water you waste in the long run—these things can make your life more difficult and can turn into a full-blown problem if not addressed right away. Fortunately for you, you do not have to call in that costly plumbing service to get the job done, as you can do it yourself, which is inexpensive. Here is a guide for you:
Before You Get Started
Before you start anything, make sure you have turned off the water supply to your faucet, which you can find underneath the sink. If it is not located in this area, then you can turn off the main water supply to your home instead. You should also plug the drain using a sink plug or simply a rag. This will prevent you from accidentally dropping small components, such as screws or washers, down the drain.
Of course, you have to determine what type of faucet currently installed in your sink. Three types—cartridge, ball and ceramic-disk—have one central swiveling arm that swings from hot to cold as you desire, while the compression type has two handles, each for hot and cold, making it easier to identify among the others. It is also necessary to take your faucet apart before knowing accurately which of these you are having, as their internal mechanisms are different. Specifically, a cartridge faucet has a cartridge, a ball faucet has a ball bearing and a ceramic-disk faucet has a ceramic cylinder.
After knowing which type you have, you can start fixing your dripping sink faucet.
Securing the Necessary Tools and Materials
To get the job done, you need some tools and materials, including Phillips and flat-head screwdrivers, non-toxic and heat-resistant plumber’s grease, white vinegar, pair of pliers, wrench, replacement seat washers, replacement O-rings, replacement seals, cartridge/ball/ceramic-disk/compression faucet (depending on what you have) and the corresponding faucet replacement kit.
1. To remove the faucet handle, you should unscrew it, where it would be necessary to pry off the decorative cap on it to access the screw. When pulling it off, tilt it backwards.
2. Remove the retaining clip, which is the circular, threaded plastic piece that holds the cartridge in place. You can do this using a pair of pliers. Then, pull the cartridge in a way that it stands up straight, which is the position of the cartridge when the water is fully on.
3. Remove and set aside the faucet spout, and then locate the O-rings. Replace the O-rings by cutting off the old ones with a utility knife and replacing the new ones. Make sure you apply plumber’s grease on them before installation.
4. Reassemble the handle, and this time, the leak should already be fixed.
1. A ball faucet has several parts that you need to replace using some special tools. Take note that you do not need to replace the entire unit, but only its cam assembly, which is why you only need to use a replacement kit that includes all of the stuff you are going to need, including the tools.
2. Unscrew the handle, remove it by lifting it off and then set it aside. Remove the cap and collar with the pliers and then loosen the cam with the tool that comes with the replacement kit. Remove the cam, washer and ball, which comprise a “ball and socket” system that includes a movable rubber ball that plugs the socket, stopping and releasing the water.
3. Remove the inlet seals and springs by reaching into the mechanism itself using needle-nose pliers. Replace the O-rings by cutting off the old ones and installing the new ones. Make sure to coat plumber’s grease on the new ones before installation.
4. Install the new valve seats, springs and cam washers. Essentially, you can do this in a reverse process you disassembled the system.
5. Replace the handle, and then check if the faucet is no longer leaking.
1. Unscrew and remove the handle, and then locate the escutcheon cap, which is usually made of metal and should be sitting directly beneath the handle.
2. Unscrew the disk cylinder and remove it to gain access to several neoprene seals on its underside. Pry the seals out and clean the cylinders with white vinegar, which works better especially when you have hard water. Soak them for a few hours to remove the build-up and check whether they are usable or not. Replace them if necessary, which you will know if they look frayed, pitted, thin or worn.
3. Reassemble the handle. Turn the water back on very slowly (as doing it too forcefully can crack the ceramic disk) and check for leaks.
1. To remove each of the handles, you might need to pry off each decorative cap, which usually reads “Hot” or “Cold”, and then unscrew them.
2. Remove the nut with a wrench to find the stem, which should be sitting on top of the O-rings that also sit on top of the seat washers. These washers are usually made of rubber that could get worn over time, which is usually the cause of a dripping faucet.
3. After pulling out the stem, the O-rings and seat washers will be exposed. If your faucet handle is leaking, then a damaged O-ring is most likely the cause, so replace it with a new one. As for the seat washer, it should also be removed and replaced. Since it comes with varying sizes, you might need to compare the old one with the replacement when shopping for the kit. Coat the washer with plumber’s grease before you install it.
4. Reassemble each of the handles to see if the leak is already fixed.
More Useful Tips
If you notice some lime build-up on the post of your faucet handle, then clean it off with the appropriate cleaning solution, as such build-up can also cause leaks. When you have a faucet that is not familiar to you, keep in mind that its internal mechanisms should still be the same.
Sinks can have a lot to drain, such as soap, toothpaste and other debris that might clog them. Aside from this, the drain cover would occasionally become corroded or damaged and would no longer function the way it was properly. As you can see, frequent use of chemicals can damage such a component, as well as the pipes. If you have this problem, then it is just easy to remove the drain cover, where it requires no experience and only a few tools, and then fix things out. Here are the steps that you can take:
How a Sink Pop-Up Works
To be able to properly work around a sink drain, it is important to know as much as possible how this fixture works. As for a sink pop-up cover, it will raise and lower with a lever that is usually located near or on the faucet assembly. The lever is connected to a lift rod that is secured to a flat and slotted bar called the clevis, which is connected by a small spring clip to the pivot rod that runs through a rubber pivot ball and slightly slopes upward to the cover’s tailpiece. The rod also pushes the cover up and let it drop down into the drain system. The rod pushes the cover up when you push the knob or lift rod down. If you need to remove the whole assembly, you might be able to pull it right out. There are also cases where it is necessary to remove the retaining nut and the pivot rod first, where you have to twist the cover to unhook it from the rod.
Removing the Sink Drain Cover
1. To have room to work, you should move everything from under your sink. Check the horizontal pivot rod that is connected to the clevis, and then remove it from the drain pipe by loosening the retaining nut that holds it in place. Using a permanent marker, mark the spot where the clevis is connected to the stopper rod. Loosen the screw securing the clevis and then remove it, together with the horizontal pivot rod, to be soaked in vinegar and mild cleaning solution.
2. Lift the cover out of the drain and then inspect the rubber seal on the bottom of its head. If you see that the seal is brittle or cracked, then it should be replaced. You can reuse it if it is still in good condition.
3. Clean the cover thoroughly using any kind of brush and rinse it. Do the same thing with the clevis and the horizontal pivot rod.
4. After cleaning the cover, insert it into the drain. Slide the clevis over the pivot rod, which should also be inserted into the drain pipe, and then tighten the retaining nut to hold the pivot rod in place. Tighten the clevis screw where you have put your mark and test the rod to make sure you have reattached all moving parts. Make sure all the parts move when you pull the rod.
5. Tighten the retaining nut so the rod will not slide down. Take note that tightening the nut too much will not allow the pivot rod to move. Loosen the screw of the clevis screw, pull the rod up and then slide the clevis up the rod as far as you can. This time, you can tighten the screw.
6. Considering everything is properly in place, the cover should already hold water properly. If not, then you can continue to adjust the nut and the clevis to get a good seal.
Fixing a Sink Pop-Up Cover
There are times when water may refuse to drain or leak around a sink pop-up cover, and this can be caused by a number of reasons. If it would not seat or pop up properly, it will be easy to fix it by adjusting certain parts. Also, the cause could be a build-up of gunk around its base or that of the pivot rod system. Or, the clevis might be out of adjustment. To fix a sink drain cover problem, you can follow these steps:
1. Lift out the cover with a slight twist, and if it seems to be connected to the mechanism underneath, you can reach under your sink and unscrew the retaining nut of the pivot rod and then pull out the rod to disengage it.
2. Lift the cover from the drain and then clean off any debris. If it is broken or worn out, it is best to replace it.
3. Facing the hole at the bottom of the cover towards the location of the pivot rod, drop the cover back into the drain hole. Insert the rod in a way that it engages the hole and then tighten the retaining nut with the cover in its upward position. When you close the drain, the rod should be slightly sloped up from the clevis to the tailpiece.
4. Loosen the clevis’s set screw, adjust the strap down or up so that it will operate the rod to close and open the cover, and then retighten the set screw.
5. If adjusting the clevis screw does not work, you can try resetting the pivot rod by squeezing the spring clip and then freeing up the rod. To insert the rod to the clevis hole, move the clip up to the hole. You might need to do some little tweaking to find the right hole.
6. If there are drips of water from around the pivot ball, then tighten the retaining nut holding the ball in place. If this does not work, then you might need to replace the washer or gasket inside the pivot ball-and-rod assembly.
More Useful Tips
Always have a flashlight available sitting on the floor and directed towards where you are working if you are working under the sink to make things easy. Wear tight-fitting plastic gloves and safety goggles to avoid injury from using chemicals when clearing the drain. Moreover, you should never use excessive force when working on your sink drain.
It is not surprising to end up with chips, scratches or stains on your porcelain sink because they are subject to wear and tear on a daily basis. Porcelain fixtures in the bathroom or kitchen are meant to last a lifetime and can be quite costly to replace. So instead of buying a new sink, make it look as good as new instead through a DIY refinishing project.
Things You Need
Mask for your nose and mouth
Trisodium phosphate or an environmentally friendly TSP substitute
Fine-grit and medium-grit sand paper
EP acrylic topcoat
Before You Begin
Make sure to wear gloves, a mask, and protective eyewear because the paint contains harmful components.
Provide good ventilation in the bathroom or kitchen while you are working so the toxic fumes and chemicals can evaporate faster. Open windows and doors and use an electric fan if necessary.
Remind people in the household not to enter the room for 3-4 hours after you are done with the job to avoid inhaling harmful components.
1. Use a soft rag and the TSP (or a more eco-friendly substitute) to clean the sink. This will get rid of the scum, dirt, and grime and will make sure the epoxy will stick fast.
2. Get your hand sander and attach the medium-grit sandpaper to the clamps. Thoroughly sand the entire surface of the sink, including the edges, to smooth out small chips and scratches. This rougher surface will also help with making sure the epoxy adheres.
3. Use the fine-grit sandpaper to further smooth out the surface.
4. Get rid of the dust and debris in the sink using a damp cloth and allow to dry.
5. Apply a thin coat of the bonding agent evenly using a rag and let it dry for 5 to 10 minutes.
6. Evenly apply the epoxy primer with the paintbrush. Just apply a light coating of the primer and brush in the same direction so the strokes aren’t visible. Leave it for 15 minutes to dry.
7. Repeat step 3 and 4, but this time allow the sink to dry for 15 minutes after cleaning with a damp cloth.
8. Apply a thin layer of acrylic topcoat and make sure to brush in the same direction. Allow this first coating to dry.
9. Brush on two more thin layers of acrylic topcoat. Make sure you allow each coat to dry before applying another layer.
10. Leave the sink to dry for at least 24 hours and do not allow anyone to use it during that time.
It is also advised to avoid using your newly refinished sink heavily for the next 5 days to achieve the best results. If you are not too confident yet with your DIY skills, then don’t hesitate to call professionals. It’s better to get expert help rather than worsening the condition of your porcelain sink in an attempt to refinish it on your own.
When it comes to plumbing problems, it is important to let an expert to provide solutions. However, this should not be the case all the time. If you have a simple leaking shower head concern, you can have it done on your own without having to call the plumber. By having the right materials and tools, combined with the right steps, you can get your plumbing problem out of the way.
Fix a Leaking Shower Head
Step 1: Turn off the shower valve or the main water valve. Next, open the shower faucet to remove the remaining water.
Step 2: With a wrench, loosen the shower head by placing the wrench on the shower head and rotating it counter-clockwise. Once it is loose, you can now use your hands to remove the shower head completely. Take note that if the shower head is shiny and new, a rag should be placed to cover it when you use the wrench so as not to scratch it.
Step 3: Get the Teflon tape and cut about eight inches. With one end of the tape on your hand, place the other end on the thread of the shower head and cover it with the tape, clockwise. Ensure to cover all the threads with Teflon but also be careful not to fold the tape.
Step 4: Reinstall the shower head by threading it back to the shower arm, clockwise. Rotate it several times to tighten it but do not force it so as not to break it.
Step 5: Turn on the water valve to check if the leak is gone. If it is not, you can tighten the shower head a little more.
Step 6: If there is still leak from the threads of the shower head, you might want to add more Teflon tape.
Sediment Build Up
Another cause of a leaking shower head can be sediment build up on the shower head. The holes in the shower head might be clogged mineral deposits and this can be resolved by following these steps:
Step 1: Turn off the main water line and turn on the shower faucet to let the remaining water flow.
Step 2: Remove the face plate of the shower head so you can clean and remove the mineral deposits and lime buildup. If you can unscrew the face plate, do so. If this is not possible, you need to remove the entire shower head from the fixture. Normally, this can be done without having to use pliers but if there are screws, you need to unscrew them to remove the face plate.
Step 3: Remove the remaining lime and mineral deposits using a small nail or a toothpick by sticking it into the holes of the face plate. After, clean the face plate thoroughly with water and soap.
Step 4: Reinstall the face plate and check if the clogging and leak are already fixed. Turn on the main water supply and see to it that the shower faucet is off. If leak is gone, you have already fixed the problem.
One popular brand for kitchen sinks and tops is the Corian manufacture by E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. It has hygienic properties that make it a popular choice where sanitation is of utmost importance, such as in hospitals and restaurants. It is also a favorite choice of homemakers because of its appearance and elegance. It comes in different colors and has surfaces that are heat and stain resistant.
It is also considered to be a cross between laminate and granite. Moreover, the installation cost of Corian is cheaper than quartz and granite installation. However, it requires a special method to clean Corian sinks. Different stains and dirt also can be cleaned in a variety of ways.
Cleaning Materials Needed:
Scrubbing Pad (non-scratch)
Formulated Cleaner Lime Remover
Commercial Cleaner or Ammonia-based Cleaner
Commercial Scrubbing Product
1. It is important that a Corian sink and countertop be cleaned regularly with a sponge of cloth soaked in warm soapy water and wrung. Aside from this, an ammonia-based cleaner can also be used to wipe the surfaces.
2. If liquid spills over a white or light-colored Corian sink or countertop, it is important to wipe the liquid right away to prevent it from staining. Leaving it there to dry on its own can result to staining or blotch on the finish, which is usually matte or satin.
3. For hard water stains, you can use a cleaner that is intended to remove build ups such as lime that can be a result of hard water. After doing so, rinse the surface well with water and do not forget to wipe it dry thoroughly.
4. For disinfection of the sink and countertop, ensure that this is done on a regular period. There are instances where meat stains and other stains from raw food or meat can leave marks on the Corian sink. To solve this problem, make a cleaning solution by mixing 5 tablespoons of chlorine bleach with a gallon of water. It is also important to wear rubber gloves when you use this cleaning solution to wipe the sink and countertop. Place a stopper on the sink and pour the solution into the sink, filing at least two to three inches. Next, pour a part of the solution on the overflow opening. Let it stay for 15 minutes before wiping the sides of the sink as well as the bottom. Drain the solution and rinse it with water. It is important to remember to wipe it within 1 hours since the bleach can discolor the Corian sink.
5. Get the non-scratch scrubbing pad and the commercial cleaner and clean the residue from the Corian sink. Remember not to use the scrubbing pad so as not to damage the surface.
6. If the problem is a blotch spot or area in the sink, this can be solved with a wet cloth and a small dab of commercial scrubbing product. With the use of the wet cloth, wipe the stained area in a circular motion but from both directions, one after the other. Next, rinse it with water and get a dry cloth to wipe the water. The blotch should disappear by this time. If there is a blotch remaining, repeat the process but this time, add more pressure as you rub the surface.
Never use glass cleaners when cleaning Corian sinks and countertops because this can result to residue that can dull the surface.
A dripping shower head can be both frustrating and expensive because not only can it keep you awake at night but it can also leave you with high utility bills. Moreover, it can leave marks or stains of rust near the drain if left unrepaired for a long time. While it can be fixed by simply tightening the head shower at times, this is not the case in most situations. First, you have to determine what is causing the leak. It can be the showerhead itself or a faulty shower valve. Once you have identified the problem, you can now prepare and repair the dripping shower head.
Look for the main water valve and turn it off. Once the water valve is off, turn on the shower to ensure no water remains in the pipe.
Remove the shower head for inspection. Do this by unscrewing the shower head with your hands unless it is impossible to remove it manually. If this is the case, use pliers or a wrench to remove it. Check inside the thread in the showerhead and look for a small washer made in plastic or a rubber O-ring. If the O-ring is damaged, you might need to replace it.
Take the showerhead and give it a good clean. The mineral deposits and sediment build up that have resulted from years of use might have decreased water flow. Do this by mixing three cups of vinegar with water and boil the mixture. Let the showerhead sit in the pot for about 30 minutes. Next, scrub it using an old toothbrush to clean the inside and outside jets. Rinse it with water and soap.
If the O-ring is not damaged, you can use it again. Get a Teflon tape and wrap the thread of the pipe stem with it. This is important to ensure it fits when you screw the pipe stem back and no leaks will result from it.
Replace the showerhead by hand with a clockwise movement. Continue to rotate it until it becomes slight tight. After, get the pliers to turn it one last time. Be careful not to force it so as not to break the pipe or showerhead.
Turn on the main water valve and let the shower run for several seconds then turn it off. Check if the dripping shower head problem is already fixed.
Do not tighten the shower head too much because it can damage the threads of the head and this can just worsen the leak.
Do not use plumber’s putty to install tub spouts or shower heads because the putty might be too strong that it can damage the plastic components and break them.
Do not use pliers to tighten the shower head all the way. Replace or reinstall the shower head with your hands first and hand-tighten it and when you use a wrench, do not force it.
When you wrap the shower head threads with Teflon tape, do so clockwise because doing it the other way around will result to the tape going against the direction of the installation and can result to leaks.
One of the most annoying bathroom plumbing problems is a leaky shower or faucet. It does not only keeps you awake at night, but also increases your utility bills if not fixed. Moreover, gallons of water go to waste unless a leaky shower is repaired. There are several causes of this plumbing problem and two of which are a leaky faucet handle and a shower faucet. In some bathrooms, there are faucet handles for hot and cold and overtime, the rubber seal or washer can wear out and leaks. Here is a step by step look on how to fix a shower faucet leak.
Fix a Shower Faucet Leak
Step 1: Check the water leak coming from the shower head and feel if it is cold or warm. This is to ensure you diagnose where the leak is coming from.
Step 2: Remove the faucet handle. Depending on the design of the faucet, you either have to unscrew the handle with the screw exposed and positioned at the center or at the side. For newer shower handle designs, you might need to remove the cap that covers the screw. Ensure to remove the cap slowly and gently to prevent scratching the finishing.
Step 3: After removing the cover cap, get a screwdriver and loosen the locking screw by turning it counterclockwise. Once it has been removed, set it aside. Next, remove the handle from the body of the faucet. If this is can be hard to remove with your bare hands, you can use a faucet puller.
Step 4: With the handle removed, follow it up by removing the sleeve and the trim that is on the faucet stem. Remove the faucet stem using a deep socket. Place it on the hex nut of the faucet stem and turn it counterclockwise to remove the assembly. Unscrew the faucet stem from body of the valve.
Step 5: Get the replacement kit and replace the seals, O-rings as well as the flat washer found at the end of the faucet stem.
Step 6: To replace the faucet stem, repeat the steps but in reverse and do not forget to lubricate the thread of the stem with plumber’s grease and tighten it in the body of the valve. Replace the handle to check the valve. If there are no issues, complete the assembly and seal the trim to the wall using a tub caulk.
Replacing the Rubber Gasket
Step 1: Ensure to turn off the water valves. They are either found in the basement or bathroom. You can also opt to turn off the main water valve if no one is going to use water in the next hours. Turn on the shower to ensure all remaining water goes out.
Step 2: With the use of pliers or wrench, remove the shower faucet.
Step 3: After removing the shower faucet, remove the old rubber gasket. Replace the rubber gasket and see to it that it does not move while inside the faucet.
Step 4: Replace the shower faucet and use the pliers or wrench to put It back in place. Turn on the water valve and check if the leak is gone.
A single handle shower faucet is the type only has one handle to dispense both cold and hot water depending on how far it is turned. When it starts to drip or leak even when shut off, it might be broken or cracked, and the best way to solve this problem is by replacing it. Now, when buying a replacement, remember that it has to have the exact same measurements as the one currently installed to fit into the valve.
For this DIY project, you will need the right tools and materials to get it done, including sheets, towels, rag, Phillips-head and flat-head screwdriver, pliers, needle nose pliers, adjustable wrench, Allen wrench, pipe wrench, Teflon tape and of course a single handle shower tub faucet kit. With all these things in hand, you can start working.
Removing the Faucet
1. Shut off the water supply to your shower, which can be found behind the same wall that your tub faucet is mounted, which means that the access panel is found in the adjacent room sharing the wall. If there is no shut off valve in the room, then you can turn off the main water supply to your home instead.
2. Locate the set screw securing the shower faucet handle, which is usually found near the curve of the handle. Using a Phillips-head screwdriver or an Allen wrench depending on its head, remove the screw. There might be a cover plate hiding the screw, so you have to pry the cover with a flat-head screwdriver. After you remove the securing screw, pull the handle away from the wall.
3. Find the securing screws (usually Phillips-head or Allen-head) holding to the wall the escutcheon plate, which is the cover plate behind the faucet handle. Using the right screwdriver, remove the screws. If there are no Phillips-head screws on the face of the escutcheon, you can feel around the plate’s edges for the set screws, which are most likely to be removed by an Allen wrench. If your plate has no screws, then you can just turn it counterclockwise to remove it from the mount. After you pull the plate away from the wall, remove the screws that secure the mount and then pull it away from the wall.
4. Locate the C-clip securing the faucet cartridge to the bathroom’s plumbing system and then pull it out with a pair of needle nose pliers. To gain access to the clip, you should first slide the sleeve covering the cartridge of the faucet away from it. Using a pair of pliers, get hold of the end of the cartridge and then pull it away from the wall. Take note that some cartridges have up to 3 pieces of C-clip.
5. If your spout uses a set screw, you can find it in a recessed area under the spout near the wall, so inspect the bottom of the spout for this part. Using a Phillips or Allen-head screwdriver, remove the screw and then pull the spout away from the wall. If your spout is not secured with a set screw, then the spout is most likely secured to your house’s plumbing system. If this is the case, use a pipe wrench to remove the spout, turning it counterclockwise until you can turn it by hand. Continue doing it until the spout is free from the pipe and then clean the threads of the pipe of the old plumber’s tape using a wire brush.
6. Remove the connecting nut that secures the shower head assembly to the shower arm with an adjustable wrench. Using one of your arms, grab the shower arm close to the wall and then turn the shower head connection counterclockwise with the wrench in your other hand.
Installing the New Faucet
1. With the old shower faucet removed, insert the new cartridge into the plumbing system in the wall, pushing it in until it seats properly. Secure it to the plumbing system by inserting the retaining clips and then sliding the decorative cartridge sleeve over it. The recess on the back of the escutcheon plate should secure the sleeve, with the curved part of the sleeve pointing to the wall.
2. If your new shower faucet uses a mounting plate, then install it to the wall first and secure it with the supplied fasteners. Slide it over the cartridge and turn it clockwise to secure the escutcheon to it. It is also possible that your escutcheon plate would simply snap over the mounting plate and is secured with set screws on its edges.
3. Position your faucet handle over the cartridge and secure it with the retaining screw. Place the cover over its center, if you have a knob-type faucet.
4. Wrap some Teflon tape around the spout’s threads and the shower arm, and then thread the spout onto the plumbing system until it is hand tight. You can turn it a little more using a pipe wrench until it points down.
5. Thread the shower head onto the arm until it is hand tight, and with a rag placed over the connection, turn the shower head connection a little bit more with an adjustable wrench. To prevent turning the shower arm, hold it while tightening the head.
Purchasing New Single Handle Tub Faucet
When purchasing your new single handle shower faucet, bring the old spout with you as you have to compare it to the new one and ensure it will fit your existing plumbing system. You can also look for a faucet that uses an anti-scald mechanism, which prevents it from being scalded by accidentally turning the handle too far to the hot side. It is also great to match their finishes.
Important Tips to Remember
Replacing your faucet is one way to cut down on repairs. While many people associate faucets as just the handle, you should find a shower faucet handle that matches your current fixtures. It is also a good idea to replace your spout and shower head at the same time, which is why you should get a replacement faucet kit. Moreover, you should always refer to the instructions that come with it for specs on your unit.